There are currently five female heads of state or heads of government in Latin America and the Caribbean:
- Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, President of Argentina since 2007.
- Laura Chinchilla, President of Costa Rica since 2010.
- Kamla Persad-Bissessar, Prime Minister of Trinidad and Tobago since 2010.
- Dilma Rousseff, President of Brazil since 2011.
- Portia Simpson-Miller, Prime Minister of Jamaica since January 2012.