There are currently five female heads of state or heads of government in Latin America and the Caribbean:
- Cristina Fernández de Kirchner, president of Argentina since 2007.
- Laura Chinchilla, president of Costa Rica since 2010.
- Kamla Persad-Bissessar, prime minister of Trinidad and Tobago since 2010.
- Dilma Rousseff, president of Brazil since 2011.
- Portia Simpson-Miller, prime minister of Jamaica since January 2012 (with a previous term in 2006-2007).