peashooter85:

Today in History, April 10th, 1919

The famous Mexican revolutionary leader Emiliano Zapata is ambushed and killed by government forces in Morelos.

Original theatrical trailer for Juarez! (1939), an American film dramatizing the reign of Emperor Maximiliano I over Mexico and Benito Juárez’ fight to reestablish a democratic government in the country. 

April 10

  • 1864: Archduke Maximilian of Austria is proclaimed Emperor of Mexico in Trieste. He would arrive in Mexico the following month.
  • 1919: Mexican revolutionary Emiliano Zapata is killed in the state of Morelos.
  • 1930: Mexican-American labor leader and United Fruit Workers co-founder Dolores Huerta is born in Dawson, New Mexico.

SAN JUAN, Puerto Rico (AP) — Authorities in Puerto Rico announced Wednesday they are investigating why a glowing bay that attracts thousands of tourists a year has grown dark in recent weeks.

The popular Mosquito Bay on the island of Vieques is considered one of Puerto Rico’s top attractions, and government officials say they are worried about the bay’s loss of bioluminescence.

Department of Natural Resources Secretary Carmen Guerrero said she is reaching out to local and international scientists to launch an investigation.

"Puerto Rico is one of the few places in the world that has bioluminescent bodies of water," she said.

The bay’s waters glow thanks to microscopic plankton known as dinoflagellates that emit a blue-green light through a chemical reaction when disturbed. The bay went dark in early January because of rough seas, but Guerrero said it is unclear why the glow diminished again in recent weeks.

April 9

  • 1914: Tampico Incident: During the Mexican Revolution, the Mexican government arrests a group of American soldiers in the oil-rich town of Tampico, Tamaulipas. The incident leads to a six month-long occupation of the port of Veracruz by the United States military. 
  • 1948: Colombian politician Jorge Eliécer Gaitán is assassinated in Bogotá, setting off the group of riots known as the Bogotazo.
  • 1952: In Bolivia, a coup by the Movimiento Nacionalista Revolucionario topples the country’s military government, starting a period of agrarian reform and universal suffrage  
  • 1963: Argentine artist Xul Solar (Oscar Agustín Alejandro Schulz Solari) dies at age 75.
haitianhistory:

Haitian writer and political activist Jacques Roumain (right) with Cuban poet Nicolás Guillén (left), 1942. (Image Credit)

haitianhistory:

Haitian writer and political activist Jacques Roumain (right) with Cuban poet Nicolás Guillén (left), 1942. (Image Credit)

tacosdecanasta:

María Félix 8 de abril, 1914 - 8 de abril, 2002

 Una mujer original no es aquella que no imita a nadie, sino aquella a la que nadie puede imitar. 

100 years since this beautiful lady was born

April 8

  • 1827: Puerto Rican nationalist Ramón Emeterio Betances, instigator of the Grito de Lares revolt, is born in Cabo Rojo when the island is still under colonial Spanish rule.
  • 1914: Mexican actress María Félix is born in Álamos, Sonora.
  • 1934: Chicano attorney and writer Oscar Zeta Acosta, author of Autobiography of a Brown Buffalo and The Revolt of the Cockroach People, is born in El Paso, Texas.
  • 2002: Mexican actress María Félix dies in Mexico City at age 88.

kateoplis:

NPR covers all 2,428 miles of the US-Mexico border, so you don’t have to.

The results are beautiful.

guernicamag:

"What was transformative was being at the inauguration, reading my poem, and realizing that the quest for home and identity had always been part of my work, but that I’d been home all along. I understood that my story, my mother’s story, the story of those hundreds of thousands of people up there, is America. I had the dawning of a new connection with America, a new love affair. Not a blind patriotism, but just an understanding that it is part of who I am."

Building in Verse, Parul Kapur Hinzen interviews Richard Blanco - Guernica / A Magazine of Art & Politics

afp-photo:

ECUADOR, Baños : The Tungurahua volcano erupting is seen from Banos, Ecuador on April 4, 2014. The Tungurahua volcano, which has been in eruption since 1999, experienced a heightening of its seismic activity. AFP PHOTO / ANDRES REYES

fylatinamericanhistory:

The early days of the War of the Pacific, as reported in the New York Times on April 15, 1879.

April 5

  • 1722: On Easter Sunday, Dutch explorer Jacob Roggeveen becomes the first European to land on the island of Rapa Nui near the Pacific coast of South America. He renames it Paasch-Eyland, or “Easter Island”. The island is annexed by Chile in 1888.
  • 1818: The Army of the Andes, led by José de San Martín, defeats a group of Spanish colonial forces near present-day Santiago de Chile during the Battle of Maipú.
  • 1879: Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting what would become known as the War of the Pacific.  
  • 1992: Peruvian president Alberto Fujimori dissolves his country’s congress and suspends the constitution, personally assuming full legislative powers and directing the military to detain various members of the opposition.

nprbooks:

Today’s top item in Book NewsGabriel Garcia Marquez, Latin America’s most prominent living novelist, has been hospitalized in Mexico City for a lung and urinary tract infection, Mexican health officials told The Associated Press. Author of masterpieces such as One Hundred Years of Solitude and Love in the Time of Cholera, Marquez won the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1982 “for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent’s life and conflicts.” 

Also today: A lost book by historian Will Durant will be published this December, plus new work from Anne Tyler and Kazuo Ishiguro — and Cara Hoffman has an editorial on the harm done when women are left out of combat narratives.

Queen Maria II of Portugal, born April 4, 1819 in Rio de Janeiro, is the only European monarch to be born in Latin America. She was the daughter of Pedro de Alcântara (who was himself the son of the King João VI of Portugal) and his first wife Maria Leopoldina, Archduchess of Austria. Her father would go on to crown himself Emperor of Brazil upon the country’s independence from Portugal in 1822, only to abdicate nine years later. Maria II served as queen of Portugal on two separate occasions, from 1826 to 1828 and again from 1834 to 1853, before dying during childbirth at age 34. 

Queen Maria II of Portugal, born April 4, 1819 in Rio de Janeiro, is the only European monarch to be born in Latin America. She was the daughter of Pedro de Alcântara (who was himself the son of the King João VI of Portugal) and his first wife Maria Leopoldina, Archduchess of Austria. Her father would go on to crown himself Emperor of Brazil upon the country’s independence from Portugal in 1822, only to abdicate nine years later. Maria II served as queen of Portugal on two separate occasions, from 1826 to 1828 and again from 1834 to 1853, before dying during childbirth at age 34. 

(Source: Wikipedia)